PERSON OF THE YEAR 2018年度风云人物——揭开真相的无畏勇者

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身为曾经的媒体工作者,看见权威的《TIME》今年选出的“年度风云人物(Person of the Year)”,给了那一群不畏强权、大胆追求真相的新闻工作者,心中还是有着一点点小激动。是的!“2018年度风云人物”是——“真相守护者和事实之战(The Guardians and the War on Truth)”

感谢这群“勇者”,是他们,把真相摊开到了阳光下……

突围而出的真相守护者

《TIME》杂志自1927年开始,每年年底便会选出过去一年对时事和世界影响最大的风云人物,而且不论影响好或坏,获选的可能是一个人或者一群人,甚至是某件事件与物品。1950年《时代》杂志宣布,获选年度风云人物的可以是个人丶团体,或者也可能是事件与物品。因此隔年1956年,一群“匈牙利自由斗士”获选当年风云人物; 1966年则是“25岁以下世代”。2006年,《TIME》封面是电脑镜面萤幕,而当年的年度风云人物是“你”,这个“你”代表资讯时代的每个使用者。2014年,勇敢对抗伊波拉疫情的医护人员当选年度风云人物。去年,因#metoo事件大爆发,让“打破沉默的人(The Silence Breakers)”成为了2017年度风云人物。

今年击退入围的美国总统Donald Trump、Meghan Markle、南韩总统文在寅、电影《Black Panther》导演Ryan Coogler……等人,并获得年度风云人物共4组——沙地阿拉伯记者 Jamal Khashoggi、缅甸路透记者Wa Lone和Kyaw Soe Oo、菲律宾媒体人Maria Ressa以及美国马里兰州报章《Capital Gazette》。

为什么是他们?!

报导新闻,从来不是一件简单的事。短短一篇千字图文,就需要经过无数的事前准备、再到采访、拍摄、撰文、选照片、编辑、设计……等多个步骤,再简单的一则新闻,也很不简单。

更不简单的是那一群不理强权、勇于报导黑暗真相,不畏恐惧向世界传递事实的新闻工作者!

“影响力”,是《TIME》创刊90年来选择封面人物的必要考量;而“影响力,正源于勇气”。而“勇气”,也正正是他们获选的最大原因。

《TIME》杂志也指出,这四组“守护者”代表了无数还在奋斗的新闻工作者。要知道截至今年12月为止,全世界至少已有52名记者遭到杀害。《TIME》总编辑Edward Felsenthal解释“:“这4位记者和一家报社,为了挑战真相,付出了庞大的代价! ” 所以,“冒着生命危险,也要说出属于这个时代故事的他们”,成为了理所当然的“年度风云人物”。

四组人物,四个故事

《TIME》12月封面有四个,分别是已故Jamal Khashoggi、在狱中Wa Lone和Kyaw Soe Oo的妻子们、Maria Ressa以及《Capital Gazette》编辑部。

# Jamal Khashoggi

这是《TIME》史上首度选出一位逝世者做为登上年度风云人物。
今年10月,沙地阿拉伯记者 Jamal Khashoggi惨遭杀害,引起国际轩然大波。Jamal是美国《The Washington Post》撰稿人,曾多次发表批评祖国的文章,据说这也成为其遇害的关键原因。遭受残酷审讯及用刑的他,最后被残忍分尸,录音档传来的最后一句话是:“我无法呼吸……”只因他报导了不能被公开的真相。

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The stout man with the gray goatee and the gentle demeanor dared to disagree with his country’s government. He told the world the #truth about its brutality toward those who would speak out. And he was murdered for it. Every detail of Jamal Khashoggi’s killing made it a sensation: the time stamp on the surveillance video that captured the #Saudi journalist entering his country’s Istanbul consulate on Oct. 2; the taxiway images of the private jets bearing his assassins; the bone saw; the reports of his final words, “I can’t breathe,” recorded on audio as the life was choked from him. But the crime would not have remained atop the world #news for two months if not for the epic themes that #Khashoggi himself was ever alert to, and spent his life placing before the public. His death laid bare the true nature of a smiling prince, the utter absence of morality in the Saudi-U.S. alliance and—in the cascade of news feeds and alerts, posts and shares and links—the centrality of the question Khashoggi was killed over: Whom do you trust to tell the story? Jamal Khashoggi is one of the Guardians, TIME's Person of the Year 2018. #TIMEPOY Read the full story at TIME.com/POY2018. Photograph by @moisessaman—@magnumphotos for TIME (Photograph of Khashoggi: Alamy)

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#Wa Lone & Kyaw Soe Oo

今年9月3日,缅甸记者Wa Lone和Kyaw Soe Oo被判处7年有期徒刑。他们与妻儿被逼分开,因为挖掘了不该被挖掘的真相。两人因调查了2017年9月针对罗兴亚人遭缅甸军方杀害事件而遭到逮捕和被控。不过,即使在最黑暗时刻,他们依然相信正义、民主和自由。两人在入狱前表示:“我们知道自己没做错任何事,所以,我们无所畏惧。”

 

#《The Capital Gazette》

今年6月28日,一名枪手走进美国马里兰州《The Capital Gazette》办公室,拿起手中的散弹枪,直接对办公室里的新闻主笔、编辑与记者开枪射杀,造成5死2伤悲剧。只因为那名枪手不满该报对他的报导,而在2012年控告报章诽谤却遭驳回,因而对报社感到怨恨,愤而大开杀戒。惨剧发生后,幸存的员工虽悲恸却仍然尽忠职守,他们停车场编辑写稿,隔天29号报纸正常出刊,放上5位丧生记者与编辑的照片。但当天言论版一片空白,以悼念罹难的同事。

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The staff of the Capital (@capgaznews), a #newspaper published by Capital Gazette Communications, is accustomed to covering harrowing news — all #community #journalists are. But they never imagined the hardest story they’d have to tell would be their own. On June 28, their #newsroom became a crime scene when a gunman killed five of their colleagues. But they pressed on, publishing a new edition on schedule the next day. “I don’t really think there was a moment of hesitation. Of course we’re going to put out the newspaper,” Capital editor Rick Hutzell tells TIME. “We never wanted to be the martyrs for community #journalism,” Selene San Felice, a Capital Gazette features reporter, tells TIME. "But if we have a #voice, we’re going to use it to make sure that people respect their local papers, because they depend on their local #news more than they realize.” The Capital staff is one of the Guardians, TIME's Person of the Year 2018. #TIMEPOY Read the full story at TIME.com/POY2018. Video by @francescatrianni for TIME; editing by @juliamarielull

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#Maria Ressa

前CNN记者Maria,于2012年创办了菲律宾新闻网站Rappler,专门进行调查报导、揭露政府及官员的贪腐行为。网站因揭弊及报导总统Rodrigo Duterte的血腥毒品战争而成名,却也得罪了当地政府。今年1月,Rappler被撤销执照,引发了新闻自由的争议:11月,Maria与网站遭到政府以税务诈欺罪起诉。即便如此,摆在她眼前的是长达10年刑期,Maria仍坚定表示:“现在肯定不是该害怕的时候。”

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“Social media has been weaponized and the first targets are the journalists,” Maria Ressa, co-founder of the #news site @rappler, tells TIME. @rappler has relentlessly covered the brutal drug war of Philippine President Rodrigo #Duterte, including extrajudicial killings that have alarmed #humanrights #advocates. Duterte has called Rappler “fake news” and banned its reporters from presidential events. The government recently charged Ressa with tax fraud—a move widely viewed as an attempted crackdown on Rappler's reporting. She faces a possible 10-year sentence. Ressa is one of the Guardians, TIME's Person of the Year 2018. #TIMEPOY Read the full story at TIME.com/POY2018. Video by @moisessaman—@magnumphotos and @teddyrexking for TIME; editing by @arpane

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《TIME》2018年度风云人物新闻短片:

 

TEXT: BJING

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1条评论

  1. 打从心底感恩社会正义的存在, 感恩这无所畏惧伸张正义的伟人 成就了更美好的明天!

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